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Lubrication Fundamentals - Second Edition
Other products by Marcel Dekker

Item #: BNC01
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Description 

This newly revised and expanded reference discusses product basics, machine elements that require lubrication, methods of application, lubrication, lubricant storage and handling, and lubricant conservation.

The Second Edition emphasizes the need for lubrication and careful lubricant selection.

Thoroughly updated and rewritten since the previous edition reached its 10th printing, the Second Edition of Lubrication Fundamentals contains a new chapter dedicated to the refining process, highlighting the latest technology and detailed descriptions of base stocks ... coverage of hydraulic systems, novel environmental lubricants, and current lubricant testing methods ... an examination of the latest lubrication requirements, petroleum crude selection, and product formulation and evaluation ... and more.

Author: D. M. Pirro and A. A. Wessol
Format: Hardback
Pages: 523
Excerpt: Safety and Fire Prevention

"Warning signs should be posted in every oil house to alert personnel to the presence of combustible materials. If flammables are used or stored, or Class II combustibles are used in such a way that they must be treated as flammables, then the applicable signs warning of the hazards associated with these materials should also be posted. Standard warning placards complying with OSHA or other applicable safety regulations relative to flammables or combustibles are generally available. "No Smoking" signs, in red, should be prominently displayed and the no smoking rule rigorously enforced.

"Hand fire extinguishers and automatic systems are essential for oil house safety. Hand operated fire extinguishers should be mounted at strategic points throughout the oil house, particularly near those areas where cleaning tanks are located. They should be inspected periodically (at least as frequently as required by applicable fire regulations) to be sure that they are in satisfactory operating condition.

"Fire extinguishing methods for flammable or combustible liquid fires include the following:

1. Suppression of vapor by foam

2. Cooling below the flash point by water spray or fog (not a direct stream, which could spread the fire!)

3. Excluding oxygen, or reducing it with carbon dioxide, to a level insufficient to support combustion

4. Interrupting the chemical chain reaction of the flame with dry chemical agents or a liquefied gas agent

"All personnel employed in the oil house should be thoroughly instructed in the location and use of the fire extinguishing equipment.

"Rags, paper, or other solid materials that have been soaked in flammable or combustible liquids should be placed in an approved type of disposal container with a selfclosing cover. The container should be emptied at the end of each shift and the contents removed to a safe location for reconditioning or incineration. All spills should be cleaned up promptly. If an absorbent is used, it should be swept up promptly, placed in an approved disposal container, and removed to a suitable disposal area."

Table Of Contents: Introduction
Premodern History of Petroleum
Petroleum in North America
Development of Lubricants
Future Prospects

Refining Processes and Lubricant Base Stocks
Crude Oil
Refining
Lubricant Base Stocks
Lube Refining Processes
Lubricating Base Stock Processing

Lubricating Oils
Additives
Physical and Chemical Characteristics
Evaluation and Performance Tests
Engine Tests for Oil Performance
Automotive Gear Lubricants
Automatic Transmission Fluids

Lubricating Greases
Why Greases Are Used
Composition of Grease
Manufacture of Grease
Grease Characteristics
Evaluation and Performance Tests

Synthetic Lubricants
Synthesized Hydrocarbon Fluids
Organic Esters
Polyglycols
Phosphate Esters
Other Synthetic Lubricating Fluids

Environmental Lubricants
Environmental Considerations
Definitions and Test Procedures
Base Materials
Product Selection Process
Converting to EA Lubricants

Hydraulics
Principles
System Components
Controlling Pressure and Flow
Actuators
Hydraulic Drives
Oil Reservoirs
Oil Qualities Required by Hydraulic Systems
Special Characteristics in Hydraulic Fluids
Hydraulic System Maintenance

Lubricating Films and Machine Elements: Bearings, Slides, Ways, Gears, Couplings, Chains, Wire Rope
Types of Lubricating Film
Plain Bearings
Rolling element Bearings
Slides, Guides, and Ways
Gears
Lubricant Characteristics for Enclosed Gears
AGMA Specifications for Lubricants for Open Gearing
Cylinders
Flexible Couplings
Drive Chains
Cams and Cam Followers
Wire Ropes

Lubricant Application
All-Loss Methods
Reuse Methods
Other Reuse Methods
Centralized Application Systems

Internal Combustion Engines
Design and Construction Considerations
Fuel and Combustion Considerations
Operating Considerations
Maintenance Considerations
Engine Oil Characteristics
Oil Recommendations by Field of Engine Use

Stationary Gas Turbines
Principles of Gas Turbines
Jet Engines for Industrial Use
Gas Turbine Applications
Lubrication of Gas Turbines

Steam Turbines
Steam Turbine Operation
Turbine Control Systems
Lubricated Components
Hydraulic Turbines
Turbine Types
Lubricated Parts
Lubricant Recommendations

Nuclear Reactors and Power Generation
Reactor Types
Radiation Effects on Petroleum Products
Lubrication Recommendations

Automotive Chassis Components
Suspension and Steering Linkages
Steering Gear
Wheel Bearings
Brake Systems
Miscellaneous Components

Automotive Transmissions and Drive Trains
Clutches
Transmissions
Drive Shafts and Universal Joints
Transaxles
Other Gear Cases
Automotive Gear Lubricants
Torque Converter and Automatic Transmission Fluids
Multipurpose Tractor Fluids

Compressors
Reciprocating Air and Gas Compressors
Rotary Compressors
Dynamic Compressors
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Compressors

Handling, Storing, and Dispensing Lubricants
Handling
Storing
Dispensing

In-Plant Handling and Purification for Lubricant Conservation
Overview of In-Plant Handling
Product Selection
In-Service Handling
In-Service Purification
Purification Methods
Reclamation and Re-Refining of Lubricating Oils
Waste Collection and Routing
Final Disposal

Reviews: "...It's style is clear, simple, and descriptive ... begins with a fascinating chapter on the history of petroleum, ends with a very useful section on the disposal of used lubricants and covers just about every up-to-date topic in betweeen." - Tribology International