The Practical Handbook of Machinery Lubrication - 4th Edition

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Become the lubrication expert in your company.


There's a good reason The Practical Handbook for Machinery Lubrication is our all-time best-selling book. It's packed with useful, actionable information that you'll put to use right away. It answers the tough questions and is written so that anyone can understand it. Once you start reading this book, you probably won't stop until you finish it. It is that easy to read.

You'll find understandable explanations of how lubricants work, what they're made of and how they break-down. You'll learn best practices for oil change intervals, filtration selection. lubricant selection and more.

Ever wondered about after market additives and supplemental oil conditioners?


Perhaps your co-workers and friends have tried to convince you to put them in problem equipment or even your vehicle.

There are hundreds of chemical additives and supplemental lubricant conditioners available today. Some people think that the claims made by these companies are unbelievable, but in certain specialized applications or industries, these additives could have a definite place in the improvement of lubrication.

In The Practical Handbook of Machinery Lubrication you'll learn four hard-fast rules to go by when determining if an after-market additive is right for your application. Whether you are a believer or a skeptic, if you follow these four rules, you can make the right decision. Making the right choice saves your company money and establishes you as the lubrication go-to person.

You will also find a checklist of fourteen items you should consider for any lubricated or hydraulic system.

Trying to get longer life out of lubricants or thinking about extending oil drain intervals?


Be careful. You could save you're company big money, OR you could end up the scapegoat if problems arise. But, if you know the conditions which cause oils to degrade and fail, you can avoid the embarrassment and give a clear reason why you will or won't extend oil drains.

Plus, you'll learn the five destructive conditions that could destroy your oil - even if you are using a "super lubricant".

Author:

Robert Scott, Jim Fitch, Lloyd Leugner

Published:

2012

Format:

Paperback

Pages:

220

Excerpt:

1. Bearing Lubrication Advice - One rule of thumb states that, “the service life of grease-lubricated bearings is reduced by half for every 10 degrees C (25 degrees F) increase in temperature above 70 degrees C (160 degrees F).” If, for example, the calculated relubrication interval for a given bearing is 1,000 hours at 70 degrees C, this interval must be cut in half to 500 hours if the operating temperature reaches 80 degrees C. At 90 degrees C, the interval decreases to 250 hours. At 100 degrees C, it further decreases to 125 hours, and so on.

2. Advantages of Synthetic Oils - The two main advantages of synthetic oils are their ability to outperform mineral oils at high operating temperatures, above 80 or 90 degrees C (185 degrees F), and at low operating temperatures, below minus 20 degrees C (0 degrees F).

3. Oil Draining Best Practices - The oil should be drained into a waste oil container while the equipment and oil are still hot and immediately after it has been operated for a couple of hours to ensure that as much debris (wear materials, solids, sludge) is suspended in the oil as possible. Therefore, as much debris as possible will be drained out of the sump. A quality air breather should be used on the equipment housing to fi lter the incoming air as the oil drains out.

Table Of Contents:

  • Reliability and Maintenance
    • Defining a Failure - How It Occurs and Proceeds with Time
    • Maintenance Strategies
    • Cost of Reliability
    • Maintenance vs. Production
    • General Maintenance Practices
  • Lubrication Fundamentals
    • Surface Interaction
    • Lubrication Regimes
  • Mineral Base Oils (Refining and the Re-Refining of Used Oils)
    • API Group Numbers
  • Synthetic Base Oils
    • Cautions and Warnings on the Use of Synthetic Oils
    • Appendix of Details
  • Additives
    • Conventional Additives
    • After-market Additives and Supplemental Oil Conditioners
    • Solid Additives
  • Biodegradable Lubricants
    • What are Biodegradable Lubricants?
    • Why Use Biodegradable Lubricants?
    • Biodegradability
    • Cleaning and Flushing Techniques for Conversion to Biodegradable Fluids
    • Monitoring the Condition of Biodegradable Oils in Service
  • Lubricant Properties and Testing (of New Oils and Greases)
    • Grease-specific Testing and Properties
  • Grease (Types)
    • Why Use a Grease?
    • Thickeners and Their Compatibility
    • Grease Grades and Grade Selection
    • Base Oil Type and Viscosity
    • Grease Components and Their Influence
  • Grease Application (Greasing)
    • Storage
    • Seals, Shields and Open Bearings
    • Grease Guns
    • Grease Gun Calibration
    • Grease Fittings
    • Single-Point Lubricators
    • Central Lubrication Systems
    • Initial Factory Fill of Bearings
    • Before the Equipment is Put in Service
    • Regreasing in Service (Basic Regreasing Procedure)
    • Amount of Grease During Regreasing
    • Rolling Element Bearing Speed Factors
    • Regreasing Frequency
    • Example Calculations of Rolling Bearing Relubrication Intervals and Amounts of Grease
    • Ultrasonic Greasing
    • Greasing Journal Bearings
    • Grease Grade Selection and Application Guidelines
    • Temperature Considerations
    • Contamination Considerations
    • Automotive Greases
  • Oil Application Systems
    • Air-Activated Centralized Oil Lubrication Systems
  • Viscosity
    • Measuring Viscosity
  • Journal Bearings and Their Lubrication
  • Rolling Element Bearings and Their Lubrication
    • Function of a Rolling Element Bearing
    • Oil Level
    • Bearing Temperatures
    • Oil Lubrication of Rolling Element Bearings
    • Type of Oil
    • Rolling Bearing Speed Factors
    • Viscosity Grade Selection (Minimum Viscosities)
    • Influence of Contaminants on Rolling Bearing Life
    • Particles
    • Water
  • Industrial Gear Oils
    • Gear Types
    • Gear Configurations
    • Gear Oil Types
    • Limitations of Existing EP Additive Technology
    • Temperatures
    • Gear Speed
    • Viscosity Selection
  • Automotive Gear Oils (Including Automatic Transmission Fluid and Tractor Fluids)
    • API Service Classifications for EP and Non-EP Automotive Gear Oils
    • SAE Gear Oil Viscosity Grades
    • Automatic Transmission Fluids (ATF)
    • Industrial Transmission Fluids
    • The Use of Engine Oils in Industrial Transmissions
    • Tractor Fluids
  • Engine Oils (and Their Classifications)
    • The API Gasoline and Diesel Engine Service Classification System
    • Oil Viscosity
    • Fuel Economy
    • Oil Consumption
    • Engine Oil Temperatures
    • Natural Gas Engine Lubrication
    • Railroad Locomotive and Marine Engines
    • Hydraulic Fluids
    • Hydraulic Components
    • Hydraulic Pumps
    • Hydraulic Fluids
    • Oil Type (Additives)
    • Viscosity
    • Compatibility of Hydraulic Oils
    • Hydraulic Oil Properties and Specifications
    • Hydraulic Fluid Maintenance
  • Fire-Resistant Fluids
    • Types of Fire-Resistant Fluids
    • Converting to Fire-Resistant Fluids
    • Precautions for the Prevention of Hydraulic System Fires
  • Turbines and Turbine Oils
    • Steam Turbines
    • Gas Turbines
    • Hydro (Water) Turbines
    • General Turbine Lubrication Systems
  • Compressors and Their Lubrication
    • Types of Compressors and Their Lubrication
  • Contamination
    • Particle Contamination
    • Water Contamination
    • Air Contamination
    • Fuel Contamination
    • Coolant (Glycol Antifreeze) Contamination
    • Soot Contamination
  • Contamination Control (Particle Filtration and Water Removal)
    • Controlling Particle Contamination
    • Filter Types
    • Factors that Affect Filtration
    • A Filtration System Checklist
    • Contaminant Separators
  • Seals (Contamination and Leakage Control)
    • Bearing Seals (for Greased Rolling Element Bearings)
    • Shaft Seals
    • Seal Material Selection
    • Leakage
  • Storage and Handling (Lubricants and Equipment)
    • Lubricants
  • Oil Changes and Flushing
    • Oil Changes
    • Flushing
  • Metalworking Fluids and Way Equipment
    • Metalworking Fluids
    • Metalworking Fluid Safety and Handling
    • Machine Tool Way Lubricants
  • Oil Analysis
    • Oil Sampling
  • Wear Mechanisms and Types of Failures
    • False Brinelling and Fretting Corrosion (Frictional Corrosion
  • Troubleshooting - Identifying Wear and Root Cause Failure Analysis
    • #1 - Data Collection
    • #2 - Assessment of the Data
    • #3 - Corrective Action
    • #4 - Inform Others
    • #5 - Follow Up
    • Solving Recurring Problems

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